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Posts Tagged ‘History’

I decided that this year was a great year to learn about “American History” – – especially because we were faced with the most important presidential election in my life, thus far.

I have noticed that the best way for Boo to learn, is to completely engulf her in whatever we are learning (that means books {picture, fiction, non-fiction, story, etc.}, movies, discussion, etc.).

We have covered most of the Native American early history and are almost done with the American Government studies.

Today, in the middle of watching a PBS movie about The Supreme Court, she says: “Mom, people were really messed up.”

I said, “What do you mean?”

She says, “The white peeps. They were just mean and messed up.”

I said, “Yes, Boo…..and unfortunately, peeps are still mean and messed up.”

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“According to National Geographic magazine, American youths, even the ones not competing to become Miss Teen USA, have an easier time locating the Malaysian island of Pulau Tiga on a map (Survivor was filmed there) than they do New Jersey. Suitably dismayed, NatGeo has responded with a lovely and informative website called Map of the Day.

Here you can see the location of Alan Shepard’s lunar golf game — the astronaut’s ball traveled “for miles and miles and miles” — and find out where the first baseball game was played (it was played in a small town in the hard-to-locate state of New Jersey). Follow Cortez through the Yucatan, and De Soto in Florida. Then try to guess the historical event that MotD will peg tomorrow’s map to. The daily doses are accompanied by capsule histories and quick, multiple-choice trivia tests: They’re perfectly sized geography drills for kids and parents both.” – – VSL 

http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/map/map-day/index

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I was preparing our lessons for tomorrow.  We are studying animals that hybernate – – and since Groundhog Day was yesterday, I thought it all fit together nicely.  Here is the history I found, pertaining to this weather-predicting holiday.  Enjoy!

Since 1887, members of the Punxsutawney Groundhog Club in western Pennsylvania have tried to note the first appearance of the rodent they call Punxsutawney Phil. If Phil comes out of his burrow into sunlight on February 2nd and spies his own shadow, he’s said to jump back down underground — dooming us all to six more weeks of winter. On the other hand, a cloudy Groundhog Day forecasts an early spring. Today Punxsutawney Phil lives in a climate-controlled habitat adjoining the Punxsutawney Library. A local celebrity, he gained national fame in the 1993 movie Groundhog Day (which was shot in scenic Woodstock, Illinois). The weather-watching rodent’s predictions are recorded in the Congressional Records of our National Archive. So far, Phil has seen his shadow about 85% of the time.
The groundhog’s reputation as a weather prophet came to the U.S. in the mid-18th century with German immigrants, known as Pennsylvania Dutch. They had regarded the badger as the winter-spring barometer, and reassigned the job to the groundhog after importing their Candlemas traditions to the U.S. Other Europeans used the bear or hedgehog — but in any case it belonged to a creature that hibernated. Its emergence symbolized the imminent arrival of spring.

But this is really a very old holiday — one that has its roots in astronomy. February 2nd is one of four cross-quarter days. It lies about halfway between a solstice and an equinox.

In Ireland, February 1st is the feast day of Saint Brigit, the spiritual protector of sheep and cattle. According to tradition, she was born at sunrise as her mother, a Druid’s slave, carried milk across the threshold of her master’s house. In the same way, her feast falls on a seasonal crossroads — between winter and spring. When winter is fading and the power of the spring sun is increasing. Prior to the conversion of the Irish Celts, Saint Brigit’s Day was known as Imbolc, one of four seasonal junctions in the pagan calendar of Ireland. It was the start of spring, and its name refers to “ewes’ milk” and to the birth of farm animals. Imbolc was dedicated to the Celtic goddess Brigit, who was associated with learning, poetry, crafts and healing. Many of her pagan characteristics were retained when she was made a saint.

Groundhog Day is also the secular incarnation of Candlemas celebrated in England, where it marked the beginning of spring. Candlemas is a traditional Christian festival that commemorates the ritual purification of Mary, 40 days after the birth of Jesus. It also marks the presentation of the infant Jesus in the temple. Christians were observing this holiday in Jerusalem at least as early as the 4th century A.D. By the middle of the 5th century, candles were lit on this day to symbolize the association of light with Christ. Despite its place on the Christian calendar, Candlemas also has pagan roots. The ancient Romans observed the beginning of spring on February 5th — they tidied farm and field and closed the year with a purification festival. The Armenian Church held an ancient fire-god festival each February 2nd. Future weather was forecasted by the behavior of smoke blown from fires lit in church courtyards.

Try this old English rhyme — “If Candlemas Day be fair and bright, winter will have another flight. But if it be dark with clouds and rain, winter is gone and will not come again.”

Or here’s another old saying — “Half your wood and half your hay, You should have on Candlemas Day.”

In Germany it used to be said that “a shepherd would rather see a wolf enter his stable on Candlemas Day than see the sun shine.” A German badger was said to watch for his shadow. The National Geographic Society once studied the groundhog — and found him to be correct only one out of every three times. One final note. It’s supposed to be bad luck to leave your Christmas decorations up after today.

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This week’s AAR, I am going to do a little differently. Suffice it to say that we are behind in ALL subjects; however, we did have a good week – – and we did complete one thing (in its entirety).

Monday

History – Read Chapter 3: “The Romans Come Again” from An Island Story.

History – Christopher Columbus Worksheet (Extra Credit)

Literature – “The Elephant’s Child” from Just So Stories.

Science – Read Information about Elephants.

Science – Elephant Quiz

Poetry – “Windy Nights” from A Child’s Garden of Verses.

Silent Reading – Finished Reading Junie B. Jones: First Grader: Boo…and I Really Mean It.

Reading – Quiz on www.BookAdventure.com on Junie B. Jones: First Grader: Boo…and I Really Mean It.

Literature – Chapters 7 and 8 from Alice in Wonderland.

Music Appreciation – Read about Keyboard Instruments

Music Appreciation – Lapbook: Keyboards

 

Tuesday

Field Trip – County Courthouse

 

Wednesday

Art Appreciation – Read Pg. 73 – “Outline and Contour Line” from A World of Art.

Art Appreciation – Introduced “Mount Sainte-Victoire” by Paul Cezanne by Index Card.

Geography – Learn where Peraseinajoki, Finland (Card Received) is.

Geography – Learn where Vaasa, Finland (Card Sent) is.

History – Read “The Story of Regulus” from Fifty Famous Stories Retold.

Literature – Read “The Fox and the Stork” from Aesop’s Fables.

Language Arts – Copy work from “The Fox and the Stork” (Aesop’s Fables).

Language Arts – Copy Work: Copy paragraph onto postcard to Finland.

Literature – Read Chapter 9 and 10 from Alice in Wonderland.

Silent Reading – Finished reading Junie B. Jones: First Grader: Toothless Wonder.

Reading – Quiz on www.BookAdventure.com on Junie B. Jones: First Grader: Toothless Wonder.

Poetry – “Travel” from A Child’s Garden of Verses.

Science – Worksheet on The Cactus Wren

 

Thursday

Field Trip – Extended Lessons on County Courthouse

 

Friday

Literature – Read Chapters 11 and 12 from Alice in Wonderland.

Literature – Watched Movie: Alice in Wonderland.

Reading – Quiz on www.BookAdventure.com on Alice in Wonderland.

Science – Field Trip: Grandma Hoerner’s Food and Factory

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Boo loves the idea of only having four days of school – – does that mean the SAME four days? Well, for me it did – – until Monday. I had oral surgery on Monday, in a city about an hour and a half away. The last time I was there (to remove stitches), school had been canceled and my husband was home early – – early enough to take me to the appointment – – so both my hubby and Boo were witness to the ‘Grand-Mal Seizure’ and subsequent trip to the hospital via an ambulance. They were both completely freaked out – – so, my husband after the defensive driving course {on Monday}, took the rest of the day off to escort me to the dental appointment.

Since the trip takes so long, I planned on doing ‘school’ in the car on the way up and back – – and while I was having surgery, she could read to her Dad (or silently). I had this nice, calm, day planned (in my head) – – amazingly, it isn’t what actually happened. Hmmmm. So, after several attempts, we decided to just call it a day – – and we would school on Friday. I love the flexibility – – I just need to remember to use it. LOL!! 😉

So here is how we did this week:
**  NOTE:  Many of the resources are linked in other blogs – – particularly the first AAR.  I will only add a small precentage this week.

History – On Schedule

We read Chapter 2, “The Coming of the Romans” from An Island Story on Tuesday. Wednesday through Friday, we read one story each day from Fifty Famous Stories Retold: “The Brave Three Hundred,” “Alexander and Bucephelas,” and “Diogenes The Wise Man.” We are still enjoying all of the stories. (For sure, I look forward to reading them each day…LOL!)

Literature – On Schedule

On Tuesday and Wednesday, we read Aesop’s Fables: “The Lion and the Four Bulls” and The Goatherd and the She-Goat.” Boo talked with me about the expectations for the copywork page and we decided to revise it to what she thought I meant, in the first place. (She is to copy the title and the moral and then she WAS suppose to tell the story in her own words – – but, she wanted to express her feelings about the story, so we decided to go with expressing herself.) On Thursday and Friday, we listened to two stories  (“How the Leopard got his Spots” and “The Beginning of the Armadillos”) from Just So Stories on Wired for Books. Finally, both last week and this week, we listened up to Chapter 7 in “Alice in Wonderland” with Natasha on Storynory. We are attempting to finish the book by next week on Wednesday, watch the movie on Thursday, as Boo will be spending the following week with my sister.

Poetry – On Schedule

We read four poems from “A child’s Garden of Verses.” I must admit that they are growing on us, both. Part of the charm seems to be the change in HOW we are reading them.  Last week, we read the poem and moved on.  I made a couple changes this week: after reading it through once, we spend a fair amount of time breaking each line down and understanding what he meant. Then, we read it {fully} again, for appreciation.

Geography – On Schedule

On Tuesday, we sent one of her Cezanne postcards to a Postcrossing user in The Netherlands. We read a bit about the country and found it on the map. We did not get to Geography on Wednesday – – but, we did manage to read Chapters 4 and 5 in “Around the World in Eighty Days” on Thursday and Friday, respectively. Since there is still no map work for ATW, so we are still on schedule!! 😉

Science – A Little Off Schedule

On Tuesday and Wednesday, we read two sections from Unit 1 in “Science for Modern Living.” On Thursday and Friday, instead of doing Burgess Bird Book and our Nature Book, we did additional studies on the animals we read about in Just So Stories. She did worksheets everyday on the different animals we learned about (Mon – Squirrels; Tues – Ptarmigan; Wed – Leopard; Thurs – Armadillo) – – plus, we did some on-line research on the animals. I am okay with this trek off the beaten path. I am also considering a change in the time I have ‘alloted’ for the Burgess Bird Book. One day is just not enough for each bird. Since it IS winter, and we are just starting, I may just forgo the Nature Study until Spring – – this will give me more leeway in the schedule. Still pondering it, we shall see.

Art and Music Appreciation

I introduced both this week. Art was on Tuesday and Thursday – – and Music the other two days. I am using the postcard replicas of Paul Cezanne from Dover Publications for the basis of our Artist Study for this term (it may end up being the entire half of the year, as I am gathering more and more resources. Check it out: Netflix has THREE Cezanne movies….Can you believe that? Three??? Wow. Oh, I am also using one of my Art Appreciation books from college to discuss the ‘basics’ – – the first thing it delves into is ‘line’ and the first artist it discusses is Cezanne. Cool, huh? I read the first section in the book and then presented the print. Since she has not had a lot of exposure to art nor is she versed in the terminology, it did not go as well as I had hoped. So, on Thursday, I tried another technique – – which I tweeked slightly from what I read about in “One Child Policy Homeschool” blog. This time, we read the next section in the book – – we discussed it for a bit – – then, I presented the new print to her. I asked her to study it really carefully because I was going to ask her to tell me what was in the print. After a couple minutes, I gave her a lined index card and asked her to write everything that she remembered from the print. (She did very well – – only missing one item). Then I asked her to copy the print on the unlined side of the index card. She did a darn good job!! I liked how that worked out – – so, as long as it works, I will use it!! : )

In Music, we started an Orchestra Lapbook. Much of the information is from this site. I am also adding some of my own – – which I am putting together and will post when we are done with the unit. We talked about what an orchestra is – – the history of the orchestra – – the conductor – – and what those funny arm movements are – – and finally, we talked about the different instruments in an orchestra. Today, we watched several orchestra’s at work on YouTube! I played Beethoven’s 5th – – and she commented that it was the same song as in her Barbie movie – – which she was able to describe with perfect accuracy, what was going on in the movie while we were listening to the song on YouTube.

I still haven’t gotten a math curriculum yet – – I really want Math-U-See; however, for just the ‘basics’ – – I am looking at close to a hundred dollars. YIKES!! I was planning on ordering it with this pay check – – but, several other things have come up. I also have not added any foreign language into the mix – – as I had hoped to – – our days just go by so fast – – there just doesn’t seem to be enough time. I like that our days are very relaxed, with lots of breaks….it makes for less stress for both of us.

Well, there it is….the Southpaugh AAR for this week. Below are some pics from the week…..Enjoy!! 🙂

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 I tried to leave two comments on this site; however, I think the spam blocker, blocked them because of all the sites I listed.  So, I will leave this up for a while – – hope it helps someone!!  : )

Although the resources would be considered free, in all actuality, you do have to pay for shipping.  I belong to several on-line book swapping sites.  In all of them, you get points when you ship out books to others – – you can, in turn, use those points to get books for yourself.  The most common cost of mailing a book is 2.13.  Very good deal for a book.  Here are the sites:
www.bookmooch.com
www.frugalreader.com
www.paperbackswap.com
www.whatsonmybookshelf.com

A lot of the books I use for the swaps are from the thrift shop, library sales and what I already have on hand (that we have read and are done with). 

Here are some of my favorite Free (or nearly free) resources:

Audiobooks:
http://storynory.com/
http://librivox.org/newcatalog/
http://www.wiredforbooks.org/index2.htm

Classical Music/Composers:
http://www.classicalarchives.com/
http://www.squidoo.com/musiclapbook
http://www.classicsforkids.com/
http://www.highsmith.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/Production/LSP/pages/2005_pdfs/lsp_mar05_lessons.pdf

Language Arts
http://www.spellingcity.com/
http://www.wowio.com
http://www.poemofquotes.com/articles/poetry_forms.php

Science
http://www.middleschoolscience.com/life.htm

History/Geography
http://www.studentsfriend.com/index.html
http://lunablog.net/2007/12/02/happy-holidays-the-first-free-lunablognet-homeschool-curriculum-is-on-its-way/
http://www.ourlosbanos.com/homeschool/history/americanpdf.html

Curriculum (with LOTS of FREE resources)
http://amblesideonline.org/index2.shtml
http://oldfashionededucation.com/index.html

Okay, there you have it – – my faves broken down…..hope this helps!!  : )

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 First Week of School…..Done!!!

Phew! It has been an interesting week, to say the least. We have had a couple “whiny” times during the week – – but, for the most part, it was WONDERFUL!! : )

When I was in the military, we did what we called an “AAR” – – After Action Review. We would review the good, the bad and the ugly of whatever we did (for example: First Aid Training) We all seemed to feel ‘better’ when we went through it, as it gave us goals and we also knew that we accomplished something. So, in that spirit, I give you the “First Southpaugh AAR……for the week ending January 3rd 2008.”

 

History – ON SCHEDULE

We read Chapter 1 (The Stories of Albion and Brutus”) from An Island Story and three stories (“The Sword of Damocles,” “Damon and Pythias” and “A Laconic Answer”) from Fifty Famous Stories Retold. I was NOT looking forward to either of these books, as I assumed they would be LONG and BORING!! (And yes, it sure did make an ASS of me!!)  Man, I couldn’t have been further from the truth!! They were EXCELLENT!!! All of them. I am SO looking forward to more!!

Literature – ON SCHEDULE (Kinda)

I scheduled three fables from Aesop’s Fables and one story from Just So Stories. We did FOUR fables and No stories. I will just do TWO stories next week – – and two fables – – then we will be okay.

I decided to use this as “Language Arts” for Grammar, Spelling and Copy work – – at least for now. Here are the sheets she did this week. (I got the sheets from Donna Young.) On the first and second lines, she has the title of the fable. The next section is the moral, copied. The following section is HER version of the fable (the first page she didn’t understand the directions – – so it is a little off). The last line has the date. The picture is suppose to be her version of the fable, drawn. (Again, the first page she did not understand).

Aesop

Poetry – ON SCHEDULE

We have managed to read a poem a day (in order of their appearance). They are ok – – I hope that A.A. Milne is better (next year).

 

Geography – ON SCHEDULE

My plan was to read chapters 1 and 2 in Around the World in Eighty Days and then do Map Work for the corresponding chapters. The problem: He did not even make the bet until chapter 3 – – so, we read Chapters 1 through 3 – – with no Map Work.

On Monday, she sent a postcard to Finland – – so we did study where it was. Oh, and we also studied Great Britain (from the “An Island Story” reading on Monday in History). It was kinda cool, ’cause I pulled up several types of maps of Europe and she was able to pick out where both countries were!! Yeah!! : )

 

Science – ON SCHEDULE

We listened to “Jenny Wren Arrives” – – Chapter 1 of the Burgess Bird Book – – from Librivox (On Wednesday). I intended to do one thing from the EcoJournal – – but, we did not get to it. On Monday, Tuesday and Thursday, we read a section within the first Unit of Science for Modern Living. Today, we were reading about WHY we have seasons – – so I looked up some info and printed several pages from Enchanted Learning – – more info, a quiz and a word puzzle. We had some issues in science today – – she was dragging her feet and having a bit of attitude, which was causing science to take FOREVER. I finally told her that it looked like we would need to do school tomorrow AND she was losing points for her ‘tude. At that point, she had two choices: 1) Change her attitude and get her work done OR 2) we would put the science away for tomorrow – – and she would lose HALF credit for all of it. As you can see, she chose to change her attitude and get busy with her assignments.

Boo

  Boo2

The following are the pages she did today: Orbital worksheet, Season’s Quiz and Word Puzzle sheet.

Orbit

Quiz
Word Puzzle

When Daddy came home, she took the dog outside and had a little ‘run around’ time!! : )

Daddy and Boo

Daddy is thinking, “Sheesh, that woman and her camera!!”

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